Railway contributes to a major proportion of the world’s land-based transportation system; out of which, a huge portion is intercity railway network. Intercity railway is known by many names – metro, Mass Rail Transit, Subway, Cityrail, etc. It usually runs underneath the city in elaborately carved tunnels. These tunnels make heavy use of iron and steel in order to support the structure, that are often carved seven to eight and even eleven stories under the ground.
The Dubai Metro scheduled to begin operation in 2009 will use driverless Kinki-Sharyo trains – driven entirely using computer software, that stops at stations and picks up people before moving on to another station.
A quick look at the facts reveals some interesting information about the world’s railway systems:
- The longest passenger line is the Trans-Siberian Railroad in Russia, with length of 9,297 km from Moscow to Vladivostok.
- The biggest station is Nagoya Station in Japan, with floor area of 446,000 square meters.
- The deepest railway station is Park Pobedy Metro Station in Russia. It is 90 meters below the surface.
- The oldest metro is the London Underground, opened in 1863 AD.
- The fastest train is the ‘flying’ magnetic levitation or maglev train in Japan with speed of 584 kph.